Flier also expressed concern that some members of the Harvard community “may be experiencing personal losses, and we want to offer them our compassion and to provide them with the support they may need.” Members of the Harvard community who would like counseling services or referrals are asked to call Harvard’s Employee Assistance Program at 877.327.4278 or to contact their Human Resources representatives.Other Harvard-related relief efforts are also rolling out. The HHI, a University group of disaster-relief specialists, is working with nongovernmental organizations to assess immediate medical needs and other required assistance, according to spokesman Vincenzo Bollettino. HHI will offer regular updates on its Web site and on Twitter concerning Harvard’s relief partners and affiliated programs and hospitals, he said.Brigham and Women’s Hospital has dispatched an emergency response team, including HHI’s director of education, Hilarie Cranmer, who is a physician and clinical instructor. The team will work with United Nations and Dominican officials to address the immediate needs of displaced people.HHI fellow and physician Miriam Aschkenasy, a public health specialist at Oxfam America, is also working on Haitian relief. HHI is in touch with Alejandro Baez, a physician and former faculty member at Brigham and Women’s who now runs disaster services in the nearby Dominican Republic. They will assess the needs for further disaster response.Zanmi Lasante is one of the largest nongovernmental health care providers in Haiti and the only provider of comprehensive primary care.It has a 104-bed hospital with two operating rooms, adult and pediatric inpatient wards, an infectious-disease center, an outpatient clinic, a women’s health clinic, ophthalmology and general medicine clinics, a laboratory, a pharmaceutical warehouse, a Red Cross blood bank, radiographic services, and a dozen schools.Zanmi Lasante employs about 90 community Haitian health workers and serves an estimated 500,000 people in the Central Plateau. Harvard University will create a relief fund for faculty and staff who have been directly affected by the devastating earthquake in Haiti.The University’s executive vice president, Katherine N. Lapp, announced the fund Friday (Jan. 15), broadening Harvard’s on-campus response to the crisis in the beleaguered Caribbean nation. Members of the Harvard community will be encouraged to contribute to the fund, and any employee struggling with a personal loss from the disaster can apply for financial assistance.“We want to be sure that we are responding to this catastrophe on a personal level as well as at an institutional level,” Lapp said. “Many members of the Harvard community are coping with this tragedy, and we want to make sure that we are supportive of them.”Details about eligibility and administration of the fund were being worked out by a Central Administration team.Additionally, Harvard Human Resources was reviewing paid leave policies to provide affected staff members with more scheduling flexibility and financial support. An early census of Harvard employees revealed there are at least four dozen with direct ties to Haiti.In addition, Harvard College Dean Evelynn M. Hammonds posted a letter to students on the Faculty of Arts and Sciences Web site, expressing sadness for the people of Haiti, while acknowledging that undergraduates are eager to help.But for the time being, she wrote, students are better off helping at home rather than heading for the Caribbean.“The most effective thing that Harvard students can do in the immediate term is to support relief efforts through fundraising and other activities,” said Hammonds, who is also the Barbara Gutmann Rosenkrantz Professor of the History of Science and of African and African American Studies.In the letter, she mentioned three ways that students can help: Harvard’s Office for the Arts, which is exploring the idea of a benefit event or concert; the Phillips Brooks House Association, which will help to coordinate public service aid for Boston-area Haitian communities; and Harvard’s dedicated Web site for Haitian financial help.The situation in Haiti remains dire, said Arrietta Chakos, director of the Acting in Time Advance Recovery Project at the Harvard Kennedy School.In an e-mail Friday, she outlined the first priorities for a ravaged Haiti: water, communications, fuel, and power. All are lifelines that must be in place for relief operations to work in the crucial next several days.“The humanitarian response now has to be swift, decisive, and coordinated,” wrote Chakos. “The incoming responders must be self-sufficient, collaborative, and focused on immediate need because the Haitian authorities are not yet able to manage the situation.”She called the aftermath of the 7.0-magnitude earthquake a “landscape-scale” disaster that only magnified Haiti’s “pre-event systemic vulnerabilities.”Haiti is one of the poorest nations in the world. Even before the quake, few homes had reliable power, sewage disposal, or safe drinking water.After water, fuel, and other basics, other needs “must follow close on,” said Chakos, including medical services, emergency housing, and a continuity of Haitian governance.In the long term, “strengthening the social connections among people is crucial to rebuilding hope and purpose,” said Chakos. “The disaster literature shows that typically 10 years is the period for a region to recover from catastrophe. Haiti will likely follow this trajectory.”Longer-term recovery “will emerge with support from responding nations,” she said, “in the form of governance guidelines, social institution building, and development of safe building practices.”Meanwhile, a common Haitian phrase tells the story: “kenbe fem,” which means “hold on” – as in, “Keep the faith, don’t despair, help is on the way.”Help has raced toward earthquake-shaken Haiti from many nations this week, as well as from groups of experts and medical personnel affiliated with Harvard University, which has several institutional ties to the country. A 7.0-magnitude earthquake struck the island nation Tuesday (Jan. 12), radiating shock waves from an epicenter 10 miles southwest of Haiti’s crowded capital of Port-au-Prince.Harvard President Drew Faust announced today (Jan. 14) a dedicated Web page to make it easier for members of the Harvard community to respond to the crisis.“Scenes of such suffering remind us of our own humanity, and our natural reflex is to reach out to help,” she said. “The destruction in Haiti has shocked and saddened us all. Our thoughts and prayers are with the Haitian people, the men and women who are working to help them recover from the earthquake that has devastated their nation, and the members of the Harvard community who are anxious for word from friends and loved ones living on the island.”Assistance was en route in other ways as well.Massachusetts General Hospital has deployed the International Medical Surgical Response Team (IMSuRT). It will go to Haiti within days.The Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (HHI) is coordinating a roster of medical, surgical, and public health personnel within the Partners HealthCare System who are available for deployment to Haiti. (Interested volunteers can contact Brian Daly at firstname.lastname@example.org.)Harvard’s Joia Mukherjee left for Haiti Wednesday (Jan. 13). She is chief medical officer of the Harvard-affiliated Partners In Health (PIH), a not-for-profit aid group with community-based clinics in Haiti and eight other countries.Going to Haiti also is David Walton, an internist at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston who is associated with PIH and is an instructor in medicine at Harvard Medical School. In 2008, he helped to set up a 54-bed hospital in La Colline in Haiti’s rugged Central Plateau.Mukherjee and Walton are the vanguard of Harvard-affiliated assistance. Their reports will help focus future relief efforts in the form of supplies and personnel.Already laboring in a temporary Port-au-Prince field hospital is physician Louise Ivers, an assistant professor at Harvard Medical School. She sent a pleading e-mail Wednesday. “Port-au-Prince is devastated,” it said, “lots of deaths. SOS, SOS. … Temporary field hospital … needs supplies, pain meds, bandages. Please help us.”Ivers is clinical director in Haiti for PIH, which opened its first clinic in rural Haiti in 1985 and has since opened eight more that are run by PIH’s sister organization Zanmi Lasante, which means “Partners In Health” in Haitian Creole.PIH also has community-based medical operations in Peru, Russia, Lesotho, Malawi, Rwanda, Mexico, Guatemala, and the United States. The clinics are staffed by local medical personnel as well as by Harvard faculty and students.The group’s main hospital is L’Hôpital Bon Sauveur in Cange, about 20 rugged miles outside Port-au-Prince. It “experienced a strong shock” from the quake, according to the PIH Web site, “but no major damage or injuries.”Zanmi Lasante and its satellite clinics already can call on more than 120 doctors and nearly 500 nurses, impressive numbers that are being used to leverage efficient and rapid medical relief for what already was the Western Hemisphere’s poorest nation.PIH issued a call yesterday for more experienced medical personnel to help in Haiti, especially surgeons who specialize in trauma and orthopedics. Also needed are emergency room doctors and nurses, and full surgical teams, including anesthesiologists, scrub and post-op nurses, and nurse anesthetists.PIH is employing a two-part strategy to speed medical care to devastated Port-au-Prince, where thousands are believed dead and thousands more hurt. Field hospital sites in the capital city, linked to a supply chain from the Dominican Republic, which shares the island with Haiti, are being used for triage and immediate care. PIH sites in the Central Plateau — two hours from the wrecked capital of 2 million people — are being readied to serve a flow of patients from the capital.A church in Cange has been converted into a large triage site. There and in Hinche, another PIH medical location, a “steady flow” of injured people from the capital are receiving medical care.In the capital alone, “tens of thousands” will need medical care, according to the PIH Web site, a situation that makes financial assistance a high priority as well.“Haiti is facing a crisis worse than it has seen in years, and it is a country that has faced years of crisis, both natural disaster and otherwise,” according to a post earlier this week by PIH executive director Ophelia Dahl. “The country is in need of millions of dollars right now to meet the needs of the communities hardest hit by the earthquake.”Jeffrey S. Flier, dean of the Faculty of Medicine at HMS, said that all faculty and students involved with PIH in Haiti are reported safe. But the situation on the ground in Haiti is an “overwhelming tragedy,” he said. ????We all share in the shock and grief over yesterday’s devastating earthquake in Port-au-Prince. Our hearts go out to the millions who have been affected, both in Haiti and closer to home.”
Kenji Yoshino ’91 admits that the top hat and tails he dons on Commencement morning each spring might be a bit off-putting to graduating students walking nearby, but Harvard University does tradition like few others.More important than the garb, Yoshino says, is that students understand that the 30 men and women in the ceremonial dress of Harvard Overseers were once students like them. And at least some of those students striding through the Yard will one day be like Yoshino and other Overseers: key alumni voices in the University’s governance.Yoshino is the president-elect of the Board of Overseers, the larger and slightly older body of Harvard’s unique two-governing-boards system.Five Harvard Overseers are elected by the University’s alumni each year to serve six-year terms. The process creates a rolling renewal of faces, experiences, and voices — important because the institution and its challenges are also constantly changing, according to Philip Lovejoy, executive director of Harvard Alumni Association (HAA).“I think it’s healthy to have fresh perspective, as the needs of the University change,” Lovejoy said.This year’s ballots went out in the mail earlier this month and are due back by noon on May 20. The newly elected Overseers will take office the day after Commencement.Also healthy, Lovejoy said, is that the Board of Overseers gives alumni a significant voice in the University’s governance.Overseers influence the University’s strategic directions and evolving agenda, and counsel University leaders on a wide range of priorities and plans. In addition, the board is called on to consent to certain actions of the other governing board, the Harvard Corporation, such as the election of Corporation members — including Harvard’s president. Overseers also guide the regular review of Harvard’s various departments, Schools, and programs through more than 50 visiting committees that unite Overseers with experts from outside the University.“It’s just a fascinating place,” said Karen Nelson Moore, a federal appeals court judge and the board’s current president. “Overseers are trying to offer guidance and expertise based on their own experience.”Moore, who graduated from Radcliffe College in 1970 and from Harvard Law School in 1973, said the University in some ways is a very different place than it was when she was an undergrad. She led a successful fight for women to be able to take part in Harvard’s Commencement exercises and, through her years in College and law school, she never had a female professor. Progress is visible in the fact that Harvard’s president, Drew Faust, and Law School dean, Martha Minow, are women, and women are well represented in the student body and faculty.When asked whether she would have thought as a student that she’d one day sit on the Board of Overseers, Moore said no, because women weren’t on the Board then.“Everything was different for women when I was here,” Moore said.Though the Corporation exercises the conventional fiduciary duties of a university board of trustees, the Overseers have a consequential role in helping shape and steer emerging priorities and assuring that Harvard’s programs evolve with the times, stay true to academic values, and sustain the highest quality.In recent years, the board’s plenary sessions have ranged widely, touching on everything from the study of religion to the rise of brain science, from multidisciplinary research on climate change to scholarship on inequality and education, from the programmatic aspirations of The Harvard Campaign to the efforts to foster cross-School teaching. Increasingly, as a body with University-wide reach and a membership that spans a range of fields, the board looks for opportunities to focus on topics that spur stronger connections across Harvard’s traditional academic and organizational boundaries.Relations between the two boards have grown closer in recent years. The Overseers now regularly host Corporation colleagues at their plenary sessions; the board’s executive committee has periodic dinner meetings with the Corporation, sometimes including faculty with shared interests in matters such as global health or innovative pedagogy; and the two boards collaborate in less formal ways, on campus and beyond. In addition, members of both boards sit on four joint committees: alumni affairs and development, appointments, inspection (which deals with audits and risk management), and honorary degrees.Service on the board requires substantial time and travel. There are four weekend meetings in Cambridge each year, plus one during Commencement week. In addition, there are briefings and reports to read, conference calls in which to participate, and trips back to campus for other duties, such as the two-day “visits” conducted by committees. Visiting committees may be the way that Overseers exert their most significant influence.Under the guidance of the board, the visiting committees periodically review different parts of the University. Often chaired by current or former Overseers, and generally including one or more members of the board along with subject-matter experts, the committees interview leadership, faculty, and students to get a sense of the work of a department, School, or other unit, and how its work compares to that at other institutions, to University priorities, and to societal needs. The visits typically result in a report that assesses the strengths and shortcomings of a given School or department and offers thoughts on how it can best position itself for the future.“They come up with a pretty good picture of what is going on at a School [or other unit] and what to worry about,” said Jack Reardon ’60, longtime HAA executive director who stepped down in 2014.The Overseers standing committees meet with the dean or department chair, as well as the visiting committee chair, to probe the main findings of the report and consider how it might inform future work. The reports, which are shared with the president, the provost, and the Corporation, often help underscore emerging opportunities and challenges that transcend an individual department or School.The Board of Overseers was formally established in 1642, before the Corporation, which was created in 1650. Its composition has changed over time, particularly after the mid-1800s, when the Harvard Alumni Association was created. A few years later, alumni began voting for Overseers.The board today represents the range of Harvard’s alumni, which is one of the most attractive things about serving on it, according to Moore, who sits on the U.S. Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals, and Yoshino, the Chief Justice Earl Warren Professor of Constitutional Law at New York University School of Law. Other Overseers are accomplished in fields from the humanities to the sciences to industry to nonprofits.The composition of the group elected in 2015 includes a physician specializing in women’s cancer research, a college president, the chief information officer of an investment bank, a theoretical physicist, and a justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court. This year’s “graduating” Overseers class includes, in addition to Moore, a New York Times columnist, a leader in social entrepreneurship, the head of the Aspen Institute and noted biographer, and the chair of a global travel and hospitality company.“What can be better than to be with 29 people at the very top of their fields?” Yoshino said. “You get the collective weight of their experience.”Moore agreed, saying the board’s diversity spans not just intellectual and professional background, but also geography — current Overseers hail from Brazil, England, and India — and life experiences. Moore, for example, served with Stephanie Wilson, who graduated from Harvard College in 1988 and flew on the space shuttle several times.“In my normal life, I do not meet astronauts,” Moore said. “And thinking back about my childhood, the idea of a woman astronaut was just incredible. And this is someone who graduated from Harvard … and had been up in space multiple times.”During his year as the board’s president, Yoshino said he’d like to see this deep well of experience and expertise continue to benefit the student body. Alumni can offer experience and perspective to students as they make their way through their studies, and as they determine at least an initial direction in which to set off in life.
Did you pull out last year’s satin ornaments and find them fuzzy? Did yourgrandmother’s favorite ornament get broken in storage? If you notice that some lights or wires are damaged when you bring them in,throw them away. Lights will be on sale after Christmas, and you can replacethem at a bargain price. “There is nothing mysterious about how to pack decorations,” said Judy Hibbs,textile specialist with the University of Georgia Extension Service. “The mostimportant thing to remember is to clean before you pack.” If your skirt is washable, wash it. Then pack it. “If you don’t repack your lights in the box they came in,” Bruschini said, “cut thelabel off the box and put it with the lights so you know the voltage and wattage ifyou need to buy replacement bulbs.” “If you have family heirlooms, store them in a pillowcase and then put them in acardboard box,” Hibbs said. “Insects are attracted to the food,” Hibbs said. “I usually put a stick-on label that tells me where certain lights go,” Bruschinisaid, “whether it’s on the tree, on the mantel or outside.” Silverfish will eat cotton, but they’re usually after something spilled on the fabric,not the fabric itself. “Unless you have wool ornaments that may attract moths or carpet beetles, youaren’t in much danger of insect damage,” Hibbs said. “Again, the secret is to keepit clean.” If the skirt is felt, don’t wash it. If you have old ornaments or stockings made of wool, put them away clean. Don’tuse moth balls. “Moth balls will only repel moths and not other pests,” Hibbs said. “And whenyou get your ornaments out next year, they will smell, and you won’t have time toair them out.” Cleaning up after Christmas isn’t just taking down the tree and hauling out theholly. Packing carefully this year can help preserve Christmas keepsakes forholiday seasons to come. Check your tree skirt before you pack it away. If you had a holiday party or thekids had Christmas breakfast around the tree, make sure no food was dropped onthe skirt. The biggest Christmas headache can be untangling all those strands of lights. Ifyou organize them when you pack them away, you won’t face that problem nextyear. If you have lights that go certain places in your home, label them. Cardboard is better for storage than plastic because it breathes and lets air getinside. But make sure your box isn’t contaminated. “You can use a hand-held vacuum cleaner or the upholstery attachment of yourvacuum to clean felt before storing it,” she said. “If it has food spilled on it,spot-clean the spill.” When you pack your lights, be careful not to bend and damage the wires, or theycan be dangerous next year. “You can buy commercial holders for lights,” said Pat Bruschini, county extensionagent in DeKalb County. “Or you can use extension cord holders, garden hoseholders or even pieces of cardboard.” “Check the box you store your ornaments in and make sure it doesn’t show signsof insect infestation,” Hibbs said. “If it does, get a fresh box.”
The first fat substitutes were aimed mainly to helping peoplelose weight. But the fat substitutes of the future will offermore ways to good health.Casimir Akoh, a food science professor with the Universityof Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences,is developing fat substitutes designed with added health benefits.Creating New Fat SubstitutesAkoh modifies the fat to enhance the way human bodies absorbit. He is also creating new low-calorie fat substitutes calledstructured lipids. He does so by exchanging properties of onefatty acid for those of another.He uses enzymes to blend long-chain fatty acids, like thosein vegetable and fish oils, with short- or medium-chain fattyacids. The former provide nutritional qualities, while the lattermetabolize faster and provide quick energy.”The combination of fatty acids is important,” Akohsaid, “because they each deliver benefits via two differentphysiological pathways: the long chains through the lymph system,and the short and medium chains through the circulatory system.”This could result in healthier fats in our diets.Fish Oil Without the FishOne of his fat substitutes was created from medium- and long-chainfatty acids from fish oil. In lab tests, this fat substitute hasbeen shown to reduce cholesterol by 49 percent.It also boosts the immune system by increasing thymus cells19 percent. The thymus is a ductless gland composed mainly oflymphoid cells. It plays a part in the body’s immune system.”This could be especially beneficial to AIDS patientswho have low T-cell counts,” he said. “We’re tryingto develop these oils for specific groups, like AIDS patientsor people with cystic fibrosis or fat absorption disorder. Andwe’re also working on an infant formula.”The new fish-oil fat would be helpful, too, to healthy peoplewho want to stay that way. Many people want the health benefitsof fish oil, but don’t like fish.”We’re creating various structured lipids and adding themto products like mayonnaise, salad dressing, beverages, confectionarycoatings and even dark chocolate,” Akoh said. “By addinghealthy oils like this one directly to foods that already callfor fat as an ingredient, we can get them into mainstream consumerproducts.”Akoh says taking a fish oil supplement wouldn’t be nearly aseffective, because the body absorbs structured oil much more quicklyand easily than a pill.What Will Consumers Say?Before these new oils can make it to the market shelves, however,they have to pass the consumer tests.”We recently introduced to a consumer panel a new canola-oil-basedstructured lipid used to create a chocolate-flavored nutritionalbeverage,” he said. “The oil was blended into a nutritionalsupplement drink. They tasted one with the new fat and one withthe traditional fat ingredient.”The results from this taste test aren’t yet available.”These new oils are a step in the right direction,”Akoh said. “Now people are eating fat just because it’s partof their food. We want people to eat a healthier kind of fat thatwill do some good for them and not clog their arteries. So whenyou make a batch of cookies, you can include a fat that wouldn’tincrease your cholesterol.”
By Stephanie SchupskaUniversity of GeorgiaWhen Dennis Duncan turns to face a class, he has to be careful where he stands. One move too far to the right or left and some of his students can’t see him. While videoconferencing is hardly new at the University of Georgia, Duncan and his class take it to the next level.On certain days, they don’t just throw facts back and forth from Athens to Tifton. They discuss genetically modified crops or waste reduction with college students in Austria, Italy, Florida and Virginia.By making sure his students take the time to research and report on various environmental and sustainability issues, Duncan figures he’s helping them prepare for a global future.Duncan is an assistant professor of agricultural leadership, communication and education in the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.His “Global Seminar: Environment and Sustainable Systems,” he said, helps students “effectively research, formulate ideas, problem-solve and present positions on global agricultural issues.”Duncan also lets his students see issues from more than one angle through role-playing and presentations.”We must attempt to understand the feelings and opinions of those who are affected by U.S. policy and find a way to professionally discuss and debate issues related to agriculture and our environment,” he said.”It’s really instructional to play a role that you don’t necessarily agree with,” said Marcy Coburn, a UGA senior majoring in agricultural communications. “It either reinforces your point of view or you learn something new.”After the class concentrated on global warming, Duncan commented on how students from Florida A&M University discussed the topic from each country the global class represented. Presenting different viewpoints of the subject “is better than just the U.S. perspective,” he said.Most of Duncan’s students hail from American homes. But study-abroad student Aymeric Sire of Paris broadens their horizons. “Living in a different country is a really nice experience,” Sire said. “It’s really cool.”Sire said the political landscape in France is more “on the left,” and people there don’t hear much about different sides of issues. “It’s interesting to hear other points of view,” he said.C.J. Pinson and Jamie Fulmer are students on UGA’s Tifton campus. For them, every class, even those with students in Athens, gives them a new perspective. “We tend to have a different standpoint down here than in Athens,” Fulmer said.”I’ve enjoyed listening to people in different countries,” Pinson said, “and seeing what’s really happening instead of just what I’m reading about. Also, this class gives you more time to do prethinking than just listening to a lecture.”They discuss topics as current as the latest organic food trend, genetically modified crop policy, global responsibility and alternative fuel research.”To really know about a subject,” Pinson said, “you need to know the positives and negatives.”The class doesn’t end with the topics the students discuss.”It’s crucial that students understand how culture, ethnicity and gender play roles in shaping one’s belief system,” Duncan said. “This course opens new doors to live, interactive discussion about issues that affect all who participate.”
When cyber bullies use internet polling, they broadcast polls to get voters to cast their opinions on who belongs at the top of such condescending categories as dumbest and fattest, she said. The results are either shared with all the voters through email, or posted to Web sites.In spite of the many misuses of technology, Gibson doesn’t condemn using the Internet.”The Internet doesn’t necessarily lead to negative behavior,” she said. “But cyber-bullying can be more insidious because the victim can’t easily escape from the bully.”Trained to helpUGA Extension agents are getting special training to help teachers and parents deal with cyber bullying. UGA Extension specialist Todd Hurt recently led such a training session. “We soon discovered most of the literature was written as a ‘do’s and don’ts’ list or a ‘what to watch for’ list for parents,” Hurt said. “We needed a more active way to warn teens of the perils of the Web rather than to give them more rules to follow.”To keep children safe on the Web, parents should use awareness as a form of protection, he said. By Katherine TippinsUniversity of GeorgiaMany parents may remember being a victim of physical and emotional suffering at the hands of a childhood bully. Others may regret being a bully when they were young.Youths are still at risk for verbal and physical bullying, but today’s technology dramatically increases a bully’s potential impact. Internet bullying, or cyber-bullying, gives school-yard bullies a World Wide Web of options. Anonymous bullies”The significant difference between cyber-bullying and conventional bullying is the ability to hide one’s identity,” said Sharon Gibson, a University of Georgia Cooperative Extension child development expert. Gibson coordinates UGA’s Children, Youth and Families at Risk Project in the College of Family and Consumer Sciences. She warns the technology used to make children safer and better equipped for educational advancement can be used against them.“The difference is how far the verbal assault can spread and how fast it can spread. Technology propels bullying beyond the school yard or neighborhood to the world through the Web,” Gibson said.Messages, blogs and pollsThere are many different ways to be cyber-bullied. One of the most common is hurtful or threatening instant messages.Other forms include creating a Web site or blog with embarrassing information or unflattering pictures of the victim. A blog is a Web site where entries are made in journal style and are displayed in reverse chronological order. Pictures taken with a cell phone or digital camera can also be e-mailed, printed and posted to Web sites.In the old days, kids would pass notes in class, collecting votes on various categories of students then post them on the bathroom wall. Today, Internet polling is a serious cyber-bullying tool.”(Internet polling) has a life of its own,” Gibson said. “It can go out to hundreds of people.” Many kids use social networking sites such as MySpace. Parents should know who their child’s cyber friends are, how much personal information their child is posting and who can view their profile.Be an aware parent”Just as you know where your child is physically, so should you be aware of the places that your child is visiting on-line,” Gibson said.Also, because cyber-bullying can happen at home or at school, parents should know school rules. “Parents should ask the school what their policy is,” Gibson said. “If [a policy] isn’t in place, they should work to develop a school policy.”For more tips on preventing and dealing with cyber-bullying, parents can visit the Web site www.cyberbullying.info.
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享E&E News ($):Coal continues to disappear from the western United States. Two utilities in the region announced plans Friday to close their coal stations — the latest in a series of moves by Western power companies to shutter the former workhorses of their electric fleets.Colorado Springs Utilities voted Friday to close the two municipally owned coal plants, one in 2023 and another by 2030. Farther south in Arizona, Tucson Electric Power released a proposal to ramp down the usage of its two boilers at the Springerville Generating Station before closing them altogether in 2027 and 2032. The plan is subject to approval from Arizona regulators.The announcements are part of a wider trend in the West, where utilities have moved quickly to shutter coal plants in recent years. Colorado had 17 coal boilers spread across eight power plants in 2008. Friday’s announcement means only three of the state’s remaining coal boilers are slated to continue running after 2030.Under the plan approved Friday, Colorado Springs Utilities will close its Martin Drake plant in 2023 and its Ray Nixon plant by 2030. The municipal utility’s “Energy Vision” calls for reducing carbon emissions 80% by 2030. Martin Drake’s closure is notable as it signals the end of one of the last urban coal plants in the country.It is a similar story in Arizona, where there were 13 coal boilers at five power plants in 2018. Only three boilers are now slated to run past 2032.Tucson Electric Power said it plans to operate two of Springerville’s four coal boilers on a seasonal basis beginning in 2023, using the units only in the summer months, when power demand is greatest. The move to seasonal operations has gained currency from utilities and environmentalists in recent years. They say the shift can slash emissions and electric bills. Tucson Electric Power will close one unit in 2027 and another in 2032. The utility said it plans to install 2,457 megawatts of new wind and solar by 2035 — a 70% increase in its renewable capacity.[Benjamin Storrow]More ($): Coal closures in Ariz., Colo. add to Western fuel shift Utilities in western U.S. announce coal plant closures, new renewable energy investments
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Advertisement Advertisement Nacho Monreal appears to be on the verge of completing a move to Real Sociedad (Picture: Getty)Mohamed Elneny and Shkodran Mustafi are two more senior players who have been told they are surplus to requirements and could leave before the deadline, with the former reportedly closing in on a season-long move to Besiktas.Monreal has a two-year contract offer on the table from Real Sociedad and is keen on a return to Spain but Emery hopes he will still be able to feature against Spurs on Sunday.‘We finish here our transfer window and in Europe it’s going to finish on Monday,’ said Emery.‘We cannot sign another player, but we have some players the possibility to leave in next four days. The club is working. Some players know their situation.‘Yes, he’s [Monreal] one possibility [who could leave].’More: Arsenal FCArsenal flop Denis Suarez delivers verdict on Thomas Partey and Lucas Torreira movesThomas Partey debut? Ian Wright picks his Arsenal starting XI vs Manchester CityArsene Wenger explains why Mikel Arteta is ‘lucky’ to be managing Arsenal Metro Sport ReporterThursday 29 Aug 2019 2:29 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link Comment Mesut Ozil is yet to feature for Arsenal in the Premier League so far this season (Picture: Getty)Unai Emery admits several Arsenal players are likely to leave the club before the European transfer window closes, but Mesut Ozil is not among them.The former Germany international is yet to feature in the Premier League this season after both he and Sead Kolasinac were attacked by a knife-wielding moped gang earlier this month.While Kolasinac returned to the first team squad for the matches against Burnley and Liverpool, Ozil has remained absent and was reported to have been taken ill ahead of the visit to Anfield.Ozil has struggled to win over Arsene Wenger’s successor, who was reluctant to pick the club’s highest earner for several high-profile matches last season, including the north London derby at the Emirates.AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENTMore: FootballRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starChelsea defender Fikayo Tomori reveals why he made U-turn over transfer deadline day moveMikel Arteta rates Thomas Partey’s chances of making his Arsenal debut vs Man CityArsenal entertain their local rivals on Sunday and Emery insists Ozil is likely to be in contention to make his first appearance of the campaign.‘This week he’s training well and progressing physically better and training with normal work for us,’ he said. ‘He’s going to be closer to us and available for Sunday I think.‘We are not speaking about the possibility for Mesut to leave.’While Ozil, despite not being an automatic starter in Emery’s first XI, will remain Nacho Monreal’s future appears to lie elsewhere.Arsenal recruited left-back Kieran Tierney as Monreal’s long-term replacement in the summer but the Scotland international is unlikely to be in contention to make his return from injury until late September. Unai Emery provides transfer updates on Mesut Ozil and Nacho Monreal