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City will drive Britain out of the recession

first_img whatsapp KCS-content Ad Unmute by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeMisterStoryWoman Files For Divorce After Seeing This Photo – Can You See Why?MisterStoryUndoPeople TodayNewborn’s Strange Behavior Troubles Mom, 40 Years Later She Finds The Reason Behind ItPeople TodayUndoMoneyPailShe Was A Star, Now She Works In ScottsdaleMoneyPailUndoTotal PastThe Ingenious Reason There Are No Mosquitoes At Disney WorldTotal PastUndoSerendipity TimesInside Coco Chanel’s Eerily Abandoned Mansion Frozen In TimeSerendipity TimesUndoBrake For ItThe Most Worthless Cars Ever MadeBrake For ItUndoZen HeraldNASA’s Voyager 2 Has Entered Deep Space – And It Brought Scientists To Their KneesZen HeraldUndoBetterBe20 Stunning Female AthletesBetterBeUndoWanderoamIdentical Twins Marry Identical Twins – But Then The Doctor Says, “STOP”WanderoamUndo Tags: NULL Show Comments ▼ Sharecenter_img whatsapp FINANCIAL services will be at the heart of the economic recovery this year, an academic research group said today.Along with Britain’s resurgent manufacturing sector, “growth in 2011 will be driven by financial and business services and by computing services,” Cambridge Econometrics found. Banking and finance will stimulate growth in several key business services, it said.“We expect financial and business services to account for larger shares of value-added and employment than it did in 2007,” it said.And the private industry will more than make up for job losses in the government sector, it said.“Between 2010 and 2015 we expect employment in the public sector to fall by just over 400,000, and employment in the private sector to increase by more than 700,000,” the report said.However, the group warned that the labour market faces a “bleak” year, before recovering from 2012 onwards. Thursday 10 February 2011 8:14 pm Read This Next’A Quiet Place Part II’ Sets Pandemic Record in Debut WeekendFamily ProofHiking Gadgets: Amazon Deals Perfect For Your Next AdventureFamily ProofAmazon roars for MGM’s lion, paying $8.45 billion for studio behind JamesFamily ProofYoga for Beginners: 3 Different Types of Yoga You Should TryFamily ProofIndian Spiced Vegetable Nuggets: Recipes Worth CookingFamily ProofBack on the Rails for Summer New York to New Orleans, Savannah and MiamiFamily ProofChicken Bao: Delicious Recipes Worth CookingFamily ProofCheese Crostini: Delicious Recipes Worth CookingFamily ProofNew England Patriots’ Cam Newton says no extra motivation from Mac Jones’Sportsnaut City will drive Britain out of the recession last_img read more

Florida budget talks: State workers, corrections officers get pay hikes; tourism…

first_imgAmong them: full funding for affordable housing programs; a 3 percent across-the-board pay raise for state employees, with corrections officers receiving an additional salary boost; money to sustain VISIT FLORIDA for another year; and a $100 million commitment to Florida Forever.The agreements emerged Saturday evening after conferences between House and Senate leaders that will continue until a fiscal 2021 budget is adopted. The American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME), the largest government employee union in the state, had sought a 5 percent pay increase, citing studies that consistently rank Florida among the bottom tier of state employee salaries per capita and in average state employee salary.Since 2008, state workers have received two pay raises. In 2013 and 2017, those making more than $40,000 per year received $1,000 raises and those making less than $40,000 received $1,400 raises.• Corrections officers pay raises: Corrections officers will receive salary boosts in addition to the 3 percent pay raise, although specifics were not released.The House and DeSantis have set forth plans calling for a flat $1,800 raise for correctional officers. The Senate plan called for those with less than two years’ experience to receive a $500 raise, those with more than two years’ experience a $1,500 bump and those with five or more years, a $2,500 increase.Negotiators also have agreed to shift from 12-hour to 8.5-hour shifts, a priority for DeSantis and Department of Corrections Secretary Mark Inch, who asked for $89 million to begin scaling back shifts and to address other staffing problems.• VISIT FLORIDA: The embattled state tourist marketing agency will live on – at least for another year.House negotiators acceded to the governor’s and Senate’s $50 million request after initially earmarking no money. “They really are a good marketing company,” Oliva chided Friday. “They have made us believe they should exist.” Focus on the LegislatureBy John Haughey | The Center SquareWeekend negotiations between Florida House and Senate leaders have produced accords in reconciling differences in the chambers’ proposed fiscal year 2021 spending plans. Please enter your name here Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter The Anatomy of Fear The Florida capitol buildings in Tallahassee. Spencer Hopkins State law requires a 72-hour pause between second-reading approval and final adoption of annual budgets. Both chambers must endorse the spending plan by Tuesday night if the 60-day session is to adjourn as scheduled Friday.House Speaker Jose Oliva, R-Hialeah, and Senate President Bill Galvano, R-Bradenton, have cautioned a Friday adjournment is improbable, although an extended session likely would only be a day or two to meet the 72-hour requirement.Among unsettled budget issues is a $543 million House tax refund for corporations that exceeds Senate proposals, specifics in teacher pay raises, and how much to set aside for the coronavirus emergency. DeSantis has requested $25 million.Policy-related differences between the chambers include dueling E-Verify, vacation rental and sentencing reform bills.In addition to fully funding affordable housing and boosting Florida Forever allocations, other agreements include:• State employee pay raises: Negotiators have settled on a 3-percent across-the-board pay raise for state workers, beginning July 1.The Senate’s $403 million package proposed a minimum raise of $1,000 if a 3-percent increase fell below that amount and to cover increased health insurance costs, approximately $640 for individuals and $1,440 for families.The House countered with a $1,800 raise to state workers earning less than $51,800 annually. TAGS2021 BudgetFlorida LegislatureThe Center Square Previous articleOnce upon a time in the forestNext articleWhat really works to keep coronavirus away? 4 questions answered by a public health professional Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHORcenter_img Please enter your comment! Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Support conservation and fish with NEW Florida specialty license plate LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here Senate Appropriations Committee Chairman Rob Bradley, R-Fleming Island, and House Appropriations Committee Chairman Travis Cummings, R-Fleming Island, said the Senate’s proposal has been accepted by the House. The proposed $91.3 billion House budget is nearly $1.5 billion less than the Senate’s tentative plan, and it closely aligns in overall spending with Gov. Ron DeSantis’ $91.4 billion budget request. This year’s budget is $90.98 billion. Free webinar for job seekers on best interview answers, hosted by Goodwill June 11 last_img read more

Chinaman’s Beach House / Fox Johnston

first_imgArchDaily Photographs Area:  503 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/271252/chinamans-beach-house-fox-johnston Clipboard ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/271252/chinamans-beach-house-fox-johnston Clipboard 2010 Save this picture!© Brett Boardman+ 17 Share Chinaman’s Beach House / Fox JohnstonSave this projectSaveChinaman’s Beach House / Fox Johnston Year:  “COPY” Architects: Fox Johnston Area Area of this architecture project Chinaman’s Beach House / Fox Johnston Houses CopyAbout this officeFox JohnstonOfficeFollowProductsGlassStoneConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesSydneyDabasHouses3D ModelingAustraliaPublished on September 19, 2012Cite: “Chinaman’s Beach House / Fox Johnston” 19 Sep 2012. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogSinkshansgroheBathroom Mixers – Metropol ClassicVinyl Walls3MVinyl Finish- DI-NOC™ Glass FinishPartitionsSkyfoldWhere to Increase Flexibility in SchoolsMetal PanelsDri-DesignMetal Panels – Painted AluminumStonesCosentinoDekton® Surfaces – Chicago 444Exterior DeckingLunawoodThermowood DeckingWoodBruagAcoustic Panels with LEDWindowsOTTOSTUMM | MOGSWindow Systems – CPXPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesULMA Architectural SolutionsHexapent Facade PanelDoorsRabel Aluminium SystemsMinimal Folding Door System – Rabel 3710 Super ThermalWall / Ceiling LightsLuminisCeiling Surface Lights – HollowcoreBenches / TablesUrbaStyleConcrete Bench – BoomerangMore products »Save想阅读文章的中文版本吗?Chinaman的海滨住宅 / Fox Johnston是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream Projects CopyHouses•Sydney, Australia Photographs:  Brett BoardmanText description provided by the architects. The Chinaman’s Beach House is sited on a northeast facing site overlooking Chinaman’s Beach and Sydney Heads.Save this picture!© Brett BoardmanRecommended ProductsDoorsSky-FrameInsulated Sliding Doors – Sky-Frame ArcEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesAlucoilStructural Honeycomb Panels – LarcoreDoorsEGGERWood Laminate Doors in Molecular Plant Science InstituteDoorsSaliceSliding Door System – Slider S20The site is a recovered sandstone quarry, steeply benched out from historic mining activity. The initial idea for the site was a series of platforms stepping down the site, enclosing courtyards for protection and opening up to the north-east aspect and view. This idea developed into the creation of two copper clad curved volumes which enclose the internal areas, the copper wall protected these spaces from the southern aspect and created privacy for the home. The open edges of these curved walls open to the north and the view and the closed walls contain small apertures which frame particular views over the site and the harbour.Save this picture!© Brett BoardmanThese two volumes sit on a sandstone podium, carved from the salvaged sandstone from the site, with ‘balistraria’ windows which framing views over the garden and Chinaman’s Beach. This podium houses a cellar and guest area.Save this picture!© Brett BoardmanThe space between these two volumes creates internal protective courtyards over two levels facing north. This central courtyard served to let filtered light penetrate deep into the house and also connect all of the areas of the house by a sculptural timber stair. These courtyards also serve to connect the linear pool located on the north of the house, within the sandstone podium.Save this picture!© Brett BoardmanThe materiality of the house is purposely restrained, with a palate of copper, salvaged sandstone, and recycled blackbutt north facades and windows. The house is entered via a glass volume which faces both the view to the east and the rock escarpment to the south, the side walls of this volume serve as a gallery walls. The entrance idea is conceived as a sequence of views between Sydney Heads, the rock escarpment and the artwork of the gallery walls.Save this picture!First Floor PlanProject gallerySee allShow lessmodeLab Data LabArticlesmodeLab Grasshopper WebinarArticles Share “COPY” Australialast_img read more

Call for speakers opens for 2017 Scottish fundraising conference

first_img About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.  60 total views,  2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis7 Tagged with: Institute of Fundraising Scotland Training Call for speakers opens for 2017 Scottish fundraising conference The Institute of Fundraising Scotland is inviting proposals for presentations at the Scottish fundraising conference in 2017.Organisers are looking for speakers “with innovative strategies or insightful case studies to inspire their fellow fundraisers”. The event takes place on 3 and 4 October 2017 at the Doubletree by Hilton in Glasgow city centre.The programme consists of one hour sessions and two hour masterclasses in the following topics:• Management, Strategy and Policy• Community and Events• Individual Giving• Corporate and Trusts• Marketing and CommunicationsThe conference organisers are keen to receive proposals for sessions on:• supporter centric fundraising;• resolving retention and acquisition challenges in this changing world;• leadership development;• owning your own professional development;• multi-channel event marketing;• Improving the supporter experience.How to submit proposalsProposals should be submitted online by 20 January 2017center_img  59 total views,  1 views today Advertisement AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis7 Howard Lake | 20 December 2016 | Newslast_img read more

Blogger to be tried on 17 March for posting critical comments

first_img Receive email alerts March 8, 2021 Find out more Follow the news on Syria Organisation RSF_en Wave of Kurdish arrests of Syrian journalists Damascus TV presenter arrested under cyber-crime law to go further News March 12, 2021 Find out more Blogger Tariq Biasi, who has been detained since 7 July 2007, denied posting comments critical of Syria on a website when he was questioned by a Damascus state security court on 22 February. The authorities identified him as the author of the offending comments on the basis of the connection through which they were posted, but he told the court he shared it with six other subscribers including an Internet café.Aged 22, Biasi is to be tried on 17 March on charges of “undermining national sentiment” and “publishing false information” under articles 285 and 286 of the criminal code, which carry a maximum sentence of five years in prison.Reporters Without Borders reiterates its call for his releaseCall for Biasi”s release and sign the petition————————07.02 – Blogger held for past seven months because of a blog commentReporters Without Borders condemns the arbitrary detention of Syrian blogger Tariq Omar Biasi, 22, who has been held the Palestine branch in Damascus since 7 July 2007 because of a blog entry regarded as overly critical by the government.“Detaining someone because of a comment they posted online is outrageous,” the press freedom organisation said. “The Syrian government has been cracking down harder on Internet users and journalists. We call on the authorities to explain why they are holding Biasi.”Those close to Biasi say he was arrested because of a comment he wrote on a website. Five bloggers launched a campaign calling for his release (http://freetariq.org/en/) last month.The Internet is closely watched in Syria. Communications and technology minister Amr Salem decreed on 25 July 2007 that all website owners must provide the authorities with data about the authors of online posts (name, email address and title of the article or comment) or risk having their Internet access restricted or cut.The Arab Republic of Syria’s constitution nonetheless guarantees “the right to freely express one’s opinions by word, in writing or by any other medium.”Syria’s two most important ISPs, Syria Telecommunication Establishment (STE) and Aloola, are owned by the state. Last December, Reporters Without Borders established that access to at least 100 websites was blocked. Currently, 110 sites are still inaccessible.Call for Biasi”s release and sign the petitionDownload the list of blocked websites in december 2007 and january 2008 News Toll of ten years of civil war on journalists in Syria SyriaMiddle East – North Africa SyriaMiddle East – North Africa Related documents Blocked websitesPDF – 63.47 KB Help by sharing this information News News February 25, 2008 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Blogger to be tried on 17 March for posting critical comments February 3, 2021 Find out morelast_img read more

Football Recap: How to Win a Big Game in 60 Minutes; St. Francis Game Plan Near Flawless

first_img Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Subscribe EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyCitizen Service CenterPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Community News HerbeautyShort On Time? 10-Minute Workouts Are Just What You NeedHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyWhat’s Your Zodiac Flower Sign?HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty9 Hollywood Divas Who Fell In Love With WomenHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyStop Eating Read Meat (Before It’s Too Late)HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty7 Most Startling Movie Moments We Didn’t Realize Were InsensitiveHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyThese Are 15 Great Style Tips From Asian WomenHerbeautyHerbeauty More Cool Stuff Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena Sports Football Recap: How to Win a Big Game in 60 Minutes; St. Francis Game Plan Near Flawless By BRIAN REED-BAIOTTO, Sports Editor Published on Sunday, October 2, 2016 | 2:47 amcenter_img Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday 2 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Community News First Heatwave Expected Next Week Business News Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Make a comment Top of the News It’s been about 18 hours since St. Francis (5-0) knocked off visiting Buena Park, 28-19 in front of a standing-room-only crowd, and it’s now possible to play, in this case, ‘Saturday evening quarterback,’ in what the Golden Knights did to flip the script on the Coyotes.To begin, what makes this victory of their five so impressive can be read in the numbers, and yet there are some things that stats couldn’t begin to measure.Buena Park (4-1) allowed 6 total points in its first four wins, but St. Francis more than quadrupled that number in four quarters on Friday.The Coyotes offense averaged 49 points per game, and yet they were held to 37 under that number, considering a long kickoff return was charged to the St. Francis special teams unit.Its star quarterback, Deshaun Harvey, did get his 300 yards (317) for Buena Park, but he was held to two TD passes under his average, and he doubled his interception total from the first four games combined when Gabriel Mathews picked off the junior.Mathews would be the first to tell you that he should have had another later on in the fourth quarter that slipped through his fingers.So, what did St. Francis do so right to change a four-game Coyotes history overnight?Several things.First, Jace Harrick carried the ball 30 times (more than twice his touches in last week’s win over Dorsey) for over 100 yards, and ate up a lot of clock.While Harrick is the run right at you and drop his shoulder type of back, enter Elijah Washington, the Golden Knights other back, who uses his quick feet to allude defenders all year.Washington had two more TD runs (25, 28 yards) and a huge reception to extend a drive.And it wasn’t just the two touchdowns that speak so loudly for Washington, it’s when he gets them. On Friday, St. Francis trailed 6-0, but two big plays from the junior and the Golden Knights didn’t relinquish a lead No. 25 got them.Michael Bonds was a great game manager and yet wasn’t overly conservative. Bonds threw a 52-yard score to Daniel Scott and had a 10-yard TD run in the fourth quarter that all but put the Coyotes away.Most importantly, Bonds and the offense did not turn the ball over.Daniel Scott may be the silent assassin for coach Jim Bonds.Scott caught his sixth TD pass, led the team in receiving with 85 yards and his defense was arguably more important than what he did on offense, which included breaking up a potential TD pass in the end zone.Greg Dulcich, Will Mudie, Gabriel Mathews, Scott, Harrick and Washington all caught passes.Just when it looked like Jim Bonds was going conservative and punting the ball away on a fourth-and-short, the veteran called for a fake punt and extended another drive.More importantly, though, the decision and execution kept Harvey on the Buena Park sidelines.Gabriel Grbavac continues to be an opposing quarterback’s worst enemy and led the defense again Friday with three more sacks and countless hurries of Harvey.Bobby Gazmarian, Gavin Campbell, Scott, Washington, Mathews and the whole Golden Knights “D” played their best game of the year.Were there moments they wish they had back? Of course.Michael Bonds would be the first to tell you he should have dumped the ball with 10 seconds to play in the first half and no time outs on the board.Instead, the veteran QB was sacked and time ran out before Dulles Hanula could even think about getting out on the field to try and attempt a short, 27-yard field goal.The other glaring setback came when the Golden Knights sent a kickoff directly to Elijah Gates, the ‘one player’ a UCLA scout was there to see instead of kicking it away from him, and the senior brought it back 85 yards for a TD that got the Coyotes to within 9 points.But the St. Francis offense continued to run the ball and devoured the clock to move to 5-0.Jim Bonds’ recipe for success Friday night: Zero turnovers. Owned the time of possession battle. Limitied penalties. Pressure all night on Harvey. Staying unpredictable and creative on offense. Running the ball effectively and using Michael Bonds’ arm and legs to extend drives. And using Daniel Scott’s versatility, among many others (Grbavac, etc) to outlast and out-skill the Coyotes.As sweet at this victory should be for the Golden Knights faithful, they’ll take very little time to enjoy it, because they’ll be back at practice Monday morning to get ready for La Salle.and the Angelus League opener.The Lancers (4-1) are coming off a bye week and bring to La Canada a running back who’s numbers are mind boggling, in Amon Milliner, and his over 1,000 yards rushing and 10 TD’s in just five games.last_img read more

EPIC Pharmacies Announces CEO Departure Effective March

first_img Facebook Twitter EPIC Pharmacies Announces CEO Departure Effective March Facebook WhatsApp RICHMOND, Va.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Feb 8, 2021– After more than six years of service, Jay Romero will step down in his role as CEO of EPIC Pharmacies, Inc., a national network of independently owned pharmacies, and president of EPIC Pharmacy Network, Inc., a nationwide Pharmacy Services Administration Organization (PSAO), effective March 1, 2021. “Jay’s work has helped our organization lay the groundwork for what will be a fruitful future. Over the last two years, his work specifically in advocating for fair pharmacy regulations have made a significant impact on the industry,” says Jeff Sherr, P.D., president of the EPIC Pharmacies board of directors and president of Apple Discount Drugs. Romero has had a long and successful career in independent pharmacy. He was an independent pharmacy owner for more than 10 years and a practicing pharmacist for more than 20 years. Prior to holding his current role, Romero served on the EPIC Pharmacies board of directors and played a key role in advocating for the interests of community pharmacy as chairman of the EPIC PharmPAC of Mississippi. “Under his leadership, EPIC Pharmacies has been able to advance the solutions and technologies offered to independent pharmacies,” says Mark Barwig, EPIC Pharmacies executive vice president. For more information about EPIC Pharmacies, visit www.epicrx.com. About EPIC Pharmacies, Inc.: Formed in 1982 and headquartered in Maryland, EPIC Pharmacies is a true co-op of community pharmacies dedicated to personal, quality service and competitive prices. By providing its members with group buying power, provider networks, and managed care solutions essential to delivering quality patient care, EPIC Pharmacies is committed to helping independent pharmacies thrive in today’s chain-saturated marketplace. For more information about EPIC Pharmacies, visit www.epicrx.com. About EPIC Pharmacy Network, Inc.: A wholly owned subsidiary of EPIC Pharmacies, Inc. formed in 1992, EPIC Pharmacy Network (EPN) represents independent pharmacies in providing centralized contracting and administrative services to pharmacy benefits managers (PBMs), HMOs, and other third-party payers. For more information, visit www.epicrx.com. View source version on businesswire.com:https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210208005644/en/ CONTACT: Colleen Allen 800-965-EPIC [email protected] KEYWORD: UNITED STATES NORTH AMERICA VIRGINIA MARYLAND INDUSTRY KEYWORD: GENERAL HEALTH OTHER RETAIL HEALTH RETAIL PHARMACEUTICAL SOURCE: EPIC Pharmacies, Inc. Copyright Business Wire 2021. PUB: 02/08/2021 11:57 AM/DISC: 02/08/2021 11:57 AM http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210208005644/en Pinterest Twittercenter_img By Digital AIM Web Support – February 8, 2021 WhatsApp Local NewsBusiness Previous articleWorldwide Genetic Testing Industry to 2027 – Advancements in Genetic Testing Techniques is Driving Growth – ResearchAndMarkets.comNext articleEmerging E-commerce Platform Cart.com Welcomes New Chief Growth Officer, Linda Xu Digital AIM Web Support TAGS  Pinterestlast_img read more

Territorial Jurisdiction Of High Court Under Article 226(2) Of Constitution [Explainer]

first_imgKnow the LawTerritorial Jurisdiction Of High Court Under Article 226(2) Of Constitution [Explainer] Ashok Kini12 April 2020 6:07 AMShare This – xThis piece intends to explore the law regarding the territorial jurisdiction of a High Court to issue writ under Article 226 of the Constitution.Article 226 Before Its Amendment Firstly, the legislative history of Article 226 has to be examined. It originally read thus:226. (1) Notwithstanding anything in article 32, every High Court shall have power, throughout the territories in…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThis piece intends to explore the law regarding the territorial jurisdiction of a High Court to issue writ under Article 226 of the Constitution.Article 226 Before Its Amendment Firstly, the legislative history of Article 226 has to be examined. It originally read thus:226. (1) Notwithstanding anything in article 32, every High Court shall have power, throughout the territories in relation to which it exercises jurisdiction to issue to any person or authority, including in appropriate cases any Government, within those territories directions, orders or writs, including writs in the nature of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto and certiorari, or any of them, for the enforcement of any of the rights conferred by part III and for any other purpose.(2) The power conferred on a High Court by Clause (1) shall not be in derogation of the power conferred on the Supreme Court by Clause (2) of Article 32.Khajoor Singh Judgment And AmendmentInterpreting this Article 226, as it stood then, the Supreme Court in Lt. Col. Khajoor Singh vs The Union Of India AIR 1961 SC 532, held that there is two-fold limitation on the power of the High Court to issue writ undesr Article 226, namely, (i) the power is to be exercised ‘throughout the territories in relation to which it exercises jurisdiction’, that is to say, the writs issued by the Court cannot run beyond the territories subject to its jurisdiction, and (ii) the person or authority to whom the High Court is empowered to issue such writs must be “within those territories’` which clearly implies that they must be amenable to its jurisdiction either by residence or location within those territories.The Court, in Khajoor Singh further held that the place where the cause of action arose had no relevance for determining the territorial jurisdiction of the High Court. This ruling made the Parliament to amend Article 226(2) which reads as follows (15th Amendment to the Constitution introduced Clause (1-A) to Article 226 which was subsequently renumbered as Clause (2) by the Constitution 42nd Amendment): “226(2): The power conferred by Clause (1) to issue directions, orders or writs to any Government authority or person may also be exercised by any High Court exercising jurisdiction in relation to the territories within which the cause of action, wholly or in part, arises for the exercise of such power, notwithstanding that the seat of such Government or authority or the residence of such person is not within those territories.”Delhi HC’s Illustration Of Scope Of Amended Article 226In Jayaswals Neco Limited vs Union Of India, Justice Badar Durrez Ahmed for Delhi High Court has illustrated the effect of this amendment by giving a simple illustration:The judge further explains:An explanation of the above table is necessary. For the purpose of demonstrating the territorial jurisdiction of two High Courts in State ‘A’ and State ‘B’, there are four possible situations which have been set out in the table above. At S.No. 1, the person, authority or government to whom the writ is to be issued is located in State ‘A’. The cause of action has also arisen in whole or in part in State ‘A’. Therefore, it is the High Court of State ‘A’ alone which has jurisdiction both under Article 226 (1) as well as under Article 226 (2). In the case of S.No.2, the person, authority or government is located in State ‘A’, but the cause of action has arisen (in whole or in part) in State ‘B’, the territorial jurisdiction for the filing of a writ petition would lie both with the High Court of State ‘A’ and of State ‘B’. The High Court of State ‘A’ would have jurisdiction by virtue of Article 226 (1) inasmuch as the location of the person, authority or government to whom the writ is to be issued is within that State. The High Court of State ‘B’ would have jurisdiction because, although the location of the person, authority or government is in State ‘A’, the cause of action (in whole or in part) has arisen in State ‘B’. The next case is given under S.No.3. Here the location of the person, authority or government is in State ‘B’, but the cause of action has arisen in State ‘A’. In such a situation, both the High Courts of State ‘A’ and ‘B’ would have jurisdiction. But the High Court of State ‘A’ would have jurisdiction under Article 226 (2) on account of cause of action and the High Court of State ‘B’ would have jurisdiction by virtue of Article 226 (1) on account of location. Lastly, at S.No.4 is a case which is the inverse of the situation in S.No.1, both the location and the cause of action arise in State ‘B’. Therefore, it would be the High Court of State ‘B’ alone which would have jurisdiction to entertain the writ petition both under Article 226 (1) and 226 (2).. This clarifies the position with regard to the territorial jurisdiction of a High Court in respect of a writ petition.The judge also referred to the Statement of Objects and Reasons appended to the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Bill, 1962, which read as follows “Under the existing Article 226 of the Constitution, the only High Court which has jurisdiction with respect to the Central Government is the Punjab High Court. This involves considerable hardship to litigants from distant places. It is, therefore, proposed to amend Article 226 so that when any relief is sought against any Government, authority or person for any action taken, the High Court within whose jurisdiction the cause of action arise may also have jurisdiction to issue appropriate directions, orders or writs.” The Judge observed : The crucial words are “only” and “may also”. The object was not to take away the jurisdiction of the High Courts which they had prior to the introduction of the amendment but, to enable other High Courts to also have jurisdiction provided the cause of action arose within their normal jurisdictional precincts. Alchemist Limited  v. State Bank of Sikkim [(2007) 11 SCC 23]In this judgment, the Supreme Court has observed that the effect of the amendment was that the accrual of cause of action was made an additional ground to confer jurisdiction on a High Court under Article 226 of the Constitution. It observed thus:”The legislative history of the constitutional provisions, therefore, make it clear that after 1963, cause of action is relevant and germane and a writ petition can be instituted in a High Court within the territorial jurisdiction of which cause of action in whole or in part arises.” What is Cause of Action?In the restricted sense “cause of action” means the circumstances forming the infraction of the right or the immediate occasion for the reaction. In the wider sense, it means the necessary conditions for the maintenance of the suit, including not only the infraction of the right, but also the infraction coupled with the right itself. Cause of Action can be defined as every fact, which it would be necessary for the plaintiff to prove, if traversed, in order to support his right to the judgment of the court. Every fact, which is necessary to be proved, as distinguished from every piece of evidence, which is necessary to prove each fact, comprises in “cause of action”. (Om Prakash Srivastava v. Union of India and Another [(2006) 6 SCC 207])In Oil and Natural Gas Commission v. Utpal Kumar Basu and Ors., (1994) 4 SCC 711, it was observed that in determining the objection of lack of territorial jurisdiction the Court must take all the facts pleaded in support of the cause of action into consideration albeit without embarking upon an enquiry as to the correctness or otherwise of the said facts. In other words the question whether a High Court has territorial jurisdiction to entertain a writ petition must be answered on the basis of the averments made in the petition, the truth or otherwise whereof immaterial. To put it differently, the question of territorial jurisdiction must be decided on the facts pleaded in the petition.Some Case LawsLet us look at some case laws, which illustrate the application of Article 226(2).C.B.I. Anti – Corruption Branch v. Narayan Diwakar AIR 1999 SC 2362 Narayan Diwakar was an officer of the Indian Administrative Service, who was officiating as Collector of Daman and then transferred to Arunachal Pradesh. Even prior to the transfer, three First Information Reports were lodged by the Central Bureau of Investigation, at Bombay. The Superintendent of Police, CBI, Anti – Corruption Bureau, Bombay issued a wireless message to the Chief Secretary, Arunachal Pradesh to advise the IAS Officer to meet the Inspector of Police, CBI, ACB, Bombay in connection with the investigation of one of the FIRs. The IAS Officer challenged the same before the High Court at Gauhati, which invoked its jurisdiction under Art.226(2) and quashed the summons. The Supreme Court  held that the Gauhati High Court was clearly in error in deciding the question of jurisdiction in favour of the officer.Reading of an advertisement in a place will not give rise to cause of actionIn Oil & Natural Gas commission v. Utpal Kumar Basu (1994) 4 SCC 711, ONGC brought out an advertisement calling for tenders to set up a Kerosene Recovery Processing Unit at Hazira Complex in Gujarat. The respondent, based in Calcutta, came to know of the floating of such tender from a newspaper circulated within the Territorial jurisdiction of the Calcutta High Court; applied for the same and later on being denied of consideration, approached the Calcutta High Court against the grant sought to be made in favour of another tenderer. Assuming jurisdiction, the High Court passed an order in favour of the petitioner, which was challenged by the ONGC before the Supreme Court. The SC held that the fact that the advertisement was read in Calcutta and that the tender and related messages were sent from Calcutta were found to be irrelevant insofar as considering the issue raised in the lis.The Apex Court expressed the view that none of the facts pleaded to invoke the jurisdiction constituted facts forming an integral part of the cause of action. Facts having no bearing on the dispute are not part of cause of action.In Union of India v. Adani Exports (2002) 1 SCC 567, Adani Exports Ltd invoked the jurisdiction of the Gujarat High Court, claiming the benefit of a scheme introduced under the Import Export Policy on grounds that they carried on the business from Ahmedabad.The SC held that each and every fact pleaded in an application does not ipso facto lead to a conclusion that those facts give rise to a cause of action unless those facts are facts which have a nexus or relevance with the lis involved in the case.”Facts which have no bearing with the lis or the dispute involved in the case, do not give rise to a cause of action so as to confer Territorial jurisdiction on the Court concerned”, the SC held.Jurisdiction of HC cannot be invoked by challenging constitutionality of a statute in ‘vacuum’.In Kusum Ingots & Alloys Ltd. v. Union of India (2004) 6 SCC 254, a Company having its Registered Office at Mumbai, obtained a loan from Bhopal and challenged the vires of the Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002 (for short “SARFAESI Act”) before the Delhi High Court when proceedings were taken by the creditor Bank under the said Act. The jurisdiction of the Delhi High Court was invoked on the ground that the seat of the Union Government was in Delhi and the High Court of Delhi has the requisite jurisdiction. The Supreme Court found that the jurisdiction of a High Court cannot be invoked to determine a Constitutional question in a vacuum and the same has to be agitated before the High Court, within whose Territorial jurisdiction,the injury was occasioned.Nawal Kishore v Union of India (2014) 9 SCC 329In this case, the appellant was a seaman, registered as such by the Department of Shipping, Government of India, at Mumbai. He was declared unfit for sea faring activities due to his heart condition and his registration was cancelled. On being so discharged, the appellant settled down at his native place, within the State of Bihar, and made representations raising financial claims, as per the statutory provisions and the terms of the contract. The disability compensation claim was answered by the official respondents pointing out his entitlement to severance compensation; but declining any disability compensation as such, which, according to the official respondents, was an entitlement to persons who were disabled in the course of seafaring activities. The dismissal of the writ petition by the High Court of Patna was found to be bad, on the specific facts arising in the aforesaid case. Cause of action arises at the place where order is passed.In Kusum Ingots, the SC also held that cause of action arises at the place where the order was passed.”When an order, however, is passed by a Court or Tribunal or an executive authority whether under provisions of a Statute or otherwise, a part of cause of action arises at that place. Even in a given case, when the original authority is constituted at one place and the Appellate Authority is constituted at another, a writ petition would be maintainable at both the places. In other words, as order of the Appellate Authority constitutes a part of cause of action, a writ petition would be maintainable in the High Court within whose jurisdiction it is situate having regard to the fact that the order of the Appellate Authority is also required to be set aside and as the order of the original authority merges with that of the Appellate Authority.” Mere service of order not a part of cause of actionA Full Bench of the High Court of Kerala held that mere service of order at a place is not sufficient to give rise to cause of action for assuming territorial jurisdiction under Article 226(2) of the Constitution (Registrar, Indian Maritime University v Dr K G Vishwanathan and another)The Full Bench overruled the view expressed by a division bench in Selvin Abraham vs Punjab and Sind Bank that service of notice of dismissal is an integral part of cause of actin. 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Allahabad HC Allows Recital OF Azan By Muezzin From Minarets Of Mosques Amid Lockdown Without Microphones [Read Judgment]

first_imgNews UpdatesAllahabad HC Allows Recital OF Azan By Muezzin From Minarets Of Mosques Amid Lockdown Without Microphones [Read Judgment] LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK15 May 2020 1:17 AMShare This – x”Until and unless there is a license/permission from the authorities concerned under the Noise Pollution Rules, under no circumstances, Azan can be recited through any sound amplifying devices. In case Azan is being recited through aforesaid means, it will be violative of provisions contained under the Noise Pollution Rules and strict action is liable to be taken against the persons violating such Rules, in accordance with law.””No one has got the right to make other persons captive listeners.” Holding that recital of Azan is an integral part of the Islamic religion, the Allahabad High Court on Friday allowed the Muezzins of various mosques in the state to recite the Azan, even amid lockdown. However, the court has made strict observations against the use of microphones for the same. “Azan is…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?Login”No one has got the right to make other persons captive listeners.” Holding that recital of Azan is an integral part of the Islamic religion, the Allahabad High Court on Friday allowed the Muezzins of various mosques in the state to recite the Azan, even amid lockdown. However, the court has made strict observations against the use of microphones for the same. “Azan is certainly an essential and integral part of Islam but use of microphone and loud-speakers is not an essential and an integral part thereof. …Azan can be recited by Muezzin from minarets of the Mosques by human voice without using any amplifying device and such recitation cannot be hindered with under the pretext of violation of the Guidelines issued by the State, to contain the pandemic- Covid19,” the bench of Justices Shashi Kant Gupta and Ajit Kumar has held. The observation has been made in a batch of PILs and letter petitions filed before the High Court against alleged orders restricting recital of Azan during the lockdown. The Petitioners, MP Afzal Ansari, Former Union Law Minister and Senior Advocate Salman Khurshid and Senior Advocate S. Wasim A. Qadri, had sought permission to recite Azan through “Muezzin”, by using sound amplifying devices. Petitioners’ Arguments The primary contention raised by the Petitioners was that restrictions imposed by the administration for recital of Azan were wholly “arbitrary and unconstitutional”. “Ban on Azan through sound amplifying device is violative of fundamental right as provided under Article 25 of the Constitution of India, as reciting Azan is an essential religious practice,” the Petitioners had contended. It was submitted that pronouncement of Azan is “not a congressional practice” but is simply an act of recitation by a single individual, calling the believer to offer Namaz at their homes and therefore the same does not violate any of the conditions of the prevailing lockdown. It was further submitted in most of the cases Azan is given by a person who is the caretaker of the Mosque and is ordinarily residing in the Mosque. In other cases, the person assigned the duty of reciting Azan in the Mosque is the closest available person who can recite Azan. Therefore, in both the cases there is no occasion of violation of the lockdown norms by an individual who is reciting Azan in the Mosque. Senior Advocate Salman Khurshid had also informed the court that the local police and the administration had pasted “unsigned notices” on the entrances of several mosques in Farrukhabad, and all attempts made to seek redressal from the District Administration had been futile. State’s Arguments The State on the other hand contended that Azan is a call for congregation to offer prayers at the Mosque and is therefore in violation of the Guidelines for containing the pandemic. “Right contained under Article 25 of the Constitution of India is subject to public order, morality, health and Part III of the Constitution of India,” it was argued. The allegations of pasting unsigned notices were denied by the Government by submitting the mosques were, voluntarily, not pronouncing Azan since March 24, 2020 and thus, there was no occasion to issue any restraint order or direction. The Government had also contended that recital of Azan was contrary to Rule 5 of the Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control) Rules, 2000 which states that a loud speaker or a public address system shall not be used except after obtaining written permission from the authority. Findings The court rendered its judgment by answering two questions: (1) Whether any order prohibiting or restricting the recitation of Azan, through sound amplifying devices, is violative of the Article 25 of the Constitution? Taking cue from the Apex Court’s judgment in Church of God (Full Gospel) in India v. KKR Majestic, (2000) 7 SCC 282, the court held recital of Azan is an integral part of Islam, subject to reasonable restrictions. In the said case, the Supreme Court had held, “No religion or religious sect can claim that the use of loudspeakers or similar instruments for prayers or for worship or for celebrating religious festivals is an essential part of the religion which is protected under Article 25. We hold that there is no fundamental right to use loudspeakers or similar instruments under Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution. On the contrary, the use of such instruments contrary to the Noise Pollution Rules will be a violation of fundamental rights of citizens under Article 21 of the Constitution as well as fundamental right of citizens of not being forced to listen something which they do not desire to listen.” In this backdrop the High Court held, “Azan may be an essential and integral part of Islam but recitation of Azan through loud-speakers or other sound amplifying devices cannot be said to be an integral part of the religion warranting protection of the fundamental right enshrined under Article 25 of the Constitution of India, which is even otherwise subject to public order, morality or health and to other provisions of part III of the Constitution of India. Thus, it cannot be said that a citizen should be coerced to hear anything which he does not like or which he does not require since it amounts to taking away the fundamental right of other persons.” A similar finding was also rendered by the Calcutta High Court while deciding the issue of using sound amplifying devices for the purposes of reciting Azan, in the case of Moulana Mufti Syed Mohammed Noorur Rehman Barkati & Ors. v. State of West Bengal & Ors., MANU/WB/0211/1998. The division bench then went on to note that microphones did not exist at the time of Prophet Muhammad and rather, was a gift of the technological age. Thus it was held that the practice of reciting Azan through microphones was not an essential. “It will be not out of place to mention that in the past, during old days when the loud-speaker was not invented, Azan used to be given by human voice. The use of microphone is a practice developed by someone and not by the Prophet or his main disciples, and which was not there in the past, and that the microphone is of recent origin and accordingly it could not be said that the use of microphone and loud-speaker is essential and integral part of the Azan,” the court held. Further, it was held that loudspeakers cannot be used except with requisite permission of the authorities as per the Noise Pollution Rules. It observed, “In the present case, there is no averment in the writ petition that any permission has been sought by the concerned persons to recite the Azan through loudspeakers or any public address system. Therefore, until and unless there is a license/permission from the authorities concerned under the Noise Pollution Rules, under no circumstances, Azan can be recited through any sound amplifying devices. In case Azan is being recited through aforesaid means, it will be violative of provisions contained under the Noise Pollution Rules and strict action is liable to be taken against the persons violating such Rules, in accordance with law.” (2) Whether the recital of Azan by Muezzin/authorized person violates any of the orders issued by the Government for containment of Covid­19 crisis? Answering in the negative, the court held that the Government had not been able to explain as to how the recitation of Azan merely through human voice can be violative of any provision of law or any guidelines issued in view of Covid-19 pandemic. It concurred with the submission made by the Petitioners that recitation by a single individual cannot breach the lockdown measures. “We fail to understand as to how the recital of Azan by a single person in the mosque i.e. Muezzin/Imaam or any other authorised person, through human voice without using any amplifying device, asking the Muslims to offer prayer and that too without inviting them to the mosque, can be violative of any guidelines. Merely reciting of Azan from the mosque through human voice does not cause any health hazards to any person of the society,” the court held. It thus directed that Azan can be recited by Muezzin from minarets of the Mosques by human voice, without using any amplifying device. The court also directed the administration not to cause hindrance in the same on the pretext of the Guidelines to contain the pandemic. Case Details: Case Title: Afzal Ansari & Ors. v. State of UP & Ors. Case No.: PIL No. 570/2020 Quorum: Justice Shashi Kant Gupta and Justice Ajit Kumar Appearance: Advocates Syed Safdar Ali Kazmi and Fazal Hasnain (for Petitioners); Additional Advocate General Manish Goel (for State) Click Here To Download Judgment Read Judgment Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

Karnataka High Court Allows Amnesty International To Withdraw Rs 60 Lakhs From Bank Accounts Rejecting ED’s Objection

first_imgNews UpdatesKarnataka High Court Allows Amnesty International To Withdraw Rs 60 Lakhs From Bank Accounts Rejecting ED’s Objection Mustafa Plumber16 Dec 2020 2:31 AMShare This – xThe Karnataka High Court on Wednesday partly allowed the petition filed by international human rights body, Amnesty International’s India offices (M/s Indians for Amnesty International Trust), challenging the communication issued by the Enforcement Directorate (ED) to banks directing them to freeze the accounts held by trust. A bench of Justice P S Dinesh Kumar said :”Petition is…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Karnataka High Court on Wednesday partly allowed the petition filed by international human rights body, Amnesty International’s India offices (M/s Indians for Amnesty International Trust), challenging the communication issued by the Enforcement Directorate (ED) to banks directing them to freeze the accounts held by trust. A bench of Justice P S Dinesh Kumar said :”Petition is partly allowed the petitioner is allowed to withdraw an amount of Rs 60 lakh from the bank accounts.” The court had on December 9 reserved its order on the petition. Earlier, the Enforcement directorate had refused to consider suggestion made by the court about whether it is willing to allow the petitioner to make statutory dues like salaries, tax payments, etc to the tune of Rs 40 lakh per month, from the five bank accounts which were mentioned in ED’s communication to banks but not attached by its order passed on November 26. . Senior Advocate Professor Ravivarma Kumar appearing for the petitioners while praying for interim relief submitted: “This is a very serious matter. Repeatedly we are being harassed. We are only interested in working for human rights.” He had added that “Seizure has taken place and no reasons have been recorded and no order is passed and within 30 days matter is not taken before the adjudicating authority as prescribed. Therefore, it is ultra vires of section 17 (1) (A) of the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA)”. Kumar has argued that “The donations are for spreading human rights and upholding human rights. That is the only activity I have done, it is for nothing else as it is not for profit organisation. Even in the attachment order passed on November 26, there is no whisper that any one of the accounts is tainted with a particular donation under FEMA or PMLA Act.” He added “The PMLA Act is a self contained code it regulates all powers including incidental powers. All these powers are self limiting powers operating for a period of 30 days. The maximum time by statute is 30 days.” Further it was submitted by him that “I have made out a prima facie case, balance of convenience is in my favor and the org will be choked, if the interim order will not be made. It will be a great fraud to any human rights activities carried out in this country, which is a constitutional value.” ASG M B Nargund, appearing for ED, had submitted that petitioners have an effective alternate remedy under the statute before the adjudicating authority and then the appellate authority before approaching the High Court and thus this is not a fit case to grant any relief. Further he had submitted that “We are in the process of investigations. During that process the officer of the department has communicated to the bank and thus the proceeds of the crime in the bank account are frozen. Since the matter was immediately brought to the notice of the court we could not proceed further.” It was added that “These proceeds of the crime are at this point being used according to them for creating awareness in the society. According to us, it is to create problems in the Indian society.” Following the seizure of its bank accounts, Amnesty International announced in September that it was stopping its India operations.Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more